Linux commands , How to use it


Linux commands – If you are searching for Linux commands for Linux operating system then, you are at the right place. So, check all the Linux commands given below. Hope it will help you finally.

Linux commands, How to use it

Linux commands . How to use it


image showing – Linux commands


Basic Linux Commands 

Linux provides various commands. Consequently, it is very easy to use files & directories. So, that you can perform various tasks with this Linux commands. These Linux commands are quite easy to use on the Linux operating system. For example, you can view the list of files & directories using Linux commands. That is installed In the Linux operating system.

So, now have a look over the Linux commands that are given below
  1. Basic File – Handling Linux commands

  • Command → Description.

  • ls                    →   Displays a list of files & directories of the current directory.
  • ls -a               →   Displays the hidden files & directories.
  • m k dir       →   Creates a directory in the system.
  • p a s s wd    →   Allows you to change the system password.
  • exit                →   Allows you to exit the system.
  • man               →   Enables you to view the specifies help page.
  • info                →   Allows you to view the info pages about Linux Commands.
  • cp                  →    Enables you to copy the specified files.
  • cd                   →   Enables you to go back one directory in Unix shell.
  • cd –                →    Enables you to go back one directory in ko rn shell.
  • ls -l                 →    Lists of all information about a file.
  • cp                   →   Helps in copying a file.
  • mv                 →   It helps in moving a file.
  • rm                  →   Helps in removing a file directory.

Linux file Structure & Networking Commands

Every operating system organizes information into files. Which refers to a steam of bits that stores on storage media. It seems like hard disk, pen drive, magnetic disk & many more. These file stores in different containers. Those seem like directories. Which helps in organizing files in a computer. A set of such directories probably contains in one directory. That seems like parent directories. It also seems like root directories. So, the directories in parent directories call subdirectories. The Linux file system organizes in a hierarchical structure. With the parent or root directory. The root directory represented by forwarding slash ( / ).

Linux commands . How to use it
                 Image showing – Linux Commands Directory Structure


Followings are Linux F S H  In Various Directories

  • /                →  Similarly provides home directory.
  • / bin       →  Contains executable files. Therefore it helps in booting.
  • /s bin       →  Holds the binary executable files. That only uses by a root user.
  • /home      →  Provides the directory. While access system administrators.
  • /boot        →  Therefore it allows you to boot in Linux system. First of all, it contains the Linux kernel.
  • /dev         →  it contains device attached file in Linux system.
  • /lib            →   It certainly contains shared library in Linux Operating system.
  • /u sr         →   Contains all user applications. Such as documents, config file & many more.
  • /mnt        →  It refers to mount a file system or devices.
  • /var           →   Similarly contains variable data files. Such as logs, mail, spools & many more.
  • /proc         →  Therefore it contains special files. where system file stores.
  • /etc             →  Similarly contains all the configuration files of the system. Consequently, it uses to take back up of Linux Operating system.
  • /lost + found  → Certainly it allows you to recover files or data.
  • /root           → Allows the access of root directory.
  • /temp         → It almost stores temporary files in Linux Operating system.


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Basic Networking Commands Of Linux 

Command  →  Description

  • arp                   →  Helps in viewing address resolution protocol. ( arp )
  • if config          →  Helps in viewing network interface.
  • net stat           →  Consequently provides a summary of network connection.
  • ping                   →  Helps in testing IP connectivity.
  • ps                      →  Therefore it helps to list all running process.
  • route                 →  Helps in listing routing table.
  • shred                →  It certainly deletes security files.
  • traceroute     →  Helps in tracing a path of the directory.

Thanks for reading about Linux commands, How to use it.

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